Subscribe to InfoChoice to receive

Special offers
Exclusive offers
Market data, trends and insights

Home / Health Insurance / Health Insurance Glossary - Learn the Lingo

Common Private Health Insurance Terms – Post July 1 2013

Health insurance can be tricky to understand. To make things a little easier we’ve put together explanations for some common terms you may not be familiar with.

Australian Government Rebate

The Australian Government Rebate is available to everyone who is eligible for a Medicare Card. It’s designed to help Australians cover the cost of their premiums. The rebate is income tested, which means the level of your rebate will depend on your annual income, age and the number of dependent children you have. Find out more about the Australian Government Rebate.

Lifetime Health Cover

Lifetime Health Cover (LHC) loading was introduced as a means to encourage people to take out hospital cover early in life and maintain it. If you take out hospital cover before 1 July following your 31st birthday, you’re rewarded. You pay a lower premium compared to someone who joins when they are older. Find out more about LHC.

Medicare Levy Surcharge

The Medicare Levy Surcharge (MLS) applies to income earners who earn over the MLS threshold and do not have an appropriate level of hospital cover. If you earn over $88,000 ($176,000 for couples, families and single parents) the surcharge is calculated at the rate of 1% of your taxable income. The MLS increases to 1.25% if you earn over $102,000 ($204,000 for couples, families and single parents) and 1.5% if you earn over $136,000 ($272,000 for couples, families and single parents).

Find out more about the MLS.


An excess is an amount you agree to pay if you’re admitted to hospital. You may be required to pay an excess once (the first time you go to hospital) or every time you go to hospital. If you are unsure about how the excess works on your policy, call us on 1800 773 022.


A co-payment is an amount you agree to pay for each day you spend in hospital. For example, if your policy has a $50 co-payment and you were in hospital for three days, you would have to pay $150 ($50 x 3 days). These amounts are usually capped to a maximum amount each year. When you get a quote, download the policy brochure and check the co-payment details.

Pre-existing condition

A pre-existing condition is an illness or health problem that existed at anytime during the six months prior to you taking out or upgrading your hospital cover — regardless of whether or not you knew about the condition. A doctor appointed by the health fund will determine whether a condition is ‘pre-existing’.


The Federal Government has a schedule of fees for medical services, called the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS). However, doctors can charge above this schedule. This is when the ‘gap’ occurs. In most cases your health fund has a gap agreement in place with your doctor to reduce or remove your out of pocket expenses.

Gap agreement

Health funds negotiate agreements with doctors and hospitals to fully or partially cover the cost of treatment. It’s important that you contact your health fund before you receive hospital treatment to check whether the insurer has agreements with your hospital and whether your doctor is participating in the health fund’s gap cover agreement.

Waiting period

A waiting period is the amount of time you need to wait before you can claim for services from your health fund. You’re required to serve waiting periods when you’re taking out your first health insurance policy or when you’re upgrading your cover. Find out more about waiting periods.

2016 Partner Awards

Money partner of the year

AFR Smart Investor
Blue Ribbon Awards

Find out more

Twitter Facebook

© InfoChoice Pty Ltd ABN 93 061 105 735 AFSL and Australian Credit Licence number 349445

Although we cover a range of products, providers and services we don't cover every product, provider or service available in the market. The information and products contained on this website do not constitute recommendations or suggestions to purchase or apply for any particular product. Products included on this site may not suit your personal objectives, financial situation or needs. Please consider whether it is appropriate for your circumstances, before making a decision to purchase or apply for any product. If you are considering acquiring any financial product you should obtain and read the relevant Product Disclosure Statement or other offer document prior to making an investment decision.

Go to top