RBA Rate Updates
Slowly but surely, property prices head north (17 Sept. 2019)
By Jonathan Jackson InfoChoice Investment expert writer
It has been the longest property downturn in decades, but sentiment in the property market looks to be improving.
That is certainly true of the Melbourne and Sydney markets. In July, house values in Sydney rose 0.2 per cent, whilst Melbourne grew by 0.1 per cent. Values of apartments in the two cities increased by 0.3 per cent and 0.4 per cent respectively.
The Council of Financial Regulators noted the turnaround when they last met for their quarterly pow-wow.
The Council discussed signs of stabilisation in the Sydney and Melbourne housing markets, evident in both housing prices and auction clearance rates.
However, they did note conditions in most other capital cities continue to be soft.
According to Domain, that trend will reverse.
The following table suggests modest growth in all capital cities in house price forecasts:
Factors driving the turnaround are the current strength of the labour market, low interest rates and the improvement in lending standards (as well as a slight softening of borrowing criteria).
This is no dead cat bounce
There are rumblings the current change in sentiment to one of cautious optimism is just temporary. There’s further prolonged pain on the horizon.
That false optimism is known as a dead cat bounce: a small, short-lived recovery in the price of a security or asset, before a continued downtrend kicks in.
There will always be doomsayers predicting the end of days for the property market, but really all signs point to the contrary.
The recovery looks legitimate.
A stable government and significant drops in interest rates are further influential reasons for slowly bringing people back to the market.
According to the latest data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), the value of new loans issued to households jumped 3.9 per cent to $32 billion in July. This was its sharpest increase in four-and-a-half years.
The ABS states the amount of money borrowed rose 5.3 per cent to $13.3 billion, from the previous month. Seasonally adjusted that is the strongest result since August 2015.
Other noteworthy statistics include the 4.2 per cent increase (32,427 in July) in the number of people taking out a mortgage to buy their next home. Market expectations were set at a 1.5 per cent increase – that’s a significant 2.7 per cent increase on what was expected.
Even first home buyers are re-entering the property market. ABS statistics show the number of loans to owner occupier first home buyers rose for the fourth consecutive month in July (up 1.3 per cent).
ABS Chief Economist, Bruce Hockman said: “In July, growth in new lending commitments to households was the strongest since October 2014.
“For the second month in a row there were particularly strong increases in the level of new lending commitments for owner occupier and investment dwellings. Despite this recent turn-around both series remain down from their respective peaks in 2017.”
And let’s spare a thought for those who lost a little bit of value over the past few years. It’s not all bad. When you put this last downturn in perspective, house values are close to 50 per cent higher than at the start of the decade. That’s a solid return.
Compare the top home loan products from Australia’s banks, credit unions, building societies and non-bank lenders here.
The information contained on this web site is general in nature and does not take into account your personal situation. You should consider whether the information is appropriate to your needs, and where appropriate, seek professional advice from a financial adviser. If you or someone you know is in financial stress, contact the National Debt Helpline on 1800 007 007.
Consumer confidence down but house prices up (11 September 2019)
By Jonathan Jackson
InfoChoice investment expert writer
House price and auction clearance rate data from July indicate a housing market revival is happening. However some economists are warning this could be a temporary recovery before the next substantial fall.
Usually, a recovery in the housing market indicates a rise in consumer confidence. However, today’s data from the Westpac-Melbourne Institute Index of Consumer Sentiment runs contrary to that theory.
Consumer confidence is down 1.7 per cent to 98.2 in September 2019, swinging from a 3.6 per cent rise in August. The decline is due to pressure on family finances and concerns about the near-term outlook for the global economy.
What is interesting is that the stimulants used by the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) and the Federal Government to invite spending, seem to be having little or no impact.
With regard to the tax offset payments introduced by the government on 1 July, just over 16 per cent of consumers reported receiving a refund with just 29 per cent of those people planning to spend all of that money.
15 per cent of surveyed consumers planned to spend half the refund and a substantial 53 per cent, will put the extra cash towards savings.
The government was hoping that consumers would go forth and spend the extra cash but 61 per cent of Aussies surveyed by Westpac said the wisest place to put their savings was in deposits, superannuation or paying down debt.
“Many Aussies are confused about what to do with their money in the current environment,” CommSec chief economist Craig James said.
Employment is also a concern.
“These concerns about the state of the economy; the international backdrop; and employment are seeing consumers become more cautious about their finances,” the Westpac report states.
The unemployment rate is steady at 5.2 per cent, unchanged since July, and still higher than the RBA would like but employment is up.
But despite all these headwinds, confidence is returning to the housing market.
“Consumers’ house price expectations have continued to firm,” says the Westpac-Melbourne Institute Index of House Price Expectations Index.
The index posted a further 3.9 per cent rise in September to be up a spectacular 45.8 per cent since May. All major states recorded a lift in price expectations this month. Expectations posted a particularly strong 6.7 per cent gain in NSW.”
For homeowners and investors, that’s great news, especially when you consider that further stimulatory measures may be taken by the RBA when it meets on 1 October.
Westpac chief economist Bill Evans expects the Reserve Bank of Australia to cut rates next month by another quarter-point to 0.75 per cent.
There are pros and cons to that, but with interest rates so low, now may be the best time in a while to consider a home purchase, so start comparing home loans.
Is it too soon in the recovery to say Hallelujah to that?
Low rates locked in to support ailing Aussie economy (4 September 2019)
The Australian economy grew by 0.5 per cent in the June quarter and 1.4 per cent in the 2018/19 financial year, the lowest level of growth since the global financial crisis in 2008/2009.
The final outcome for GDP in 2018/19 was substantially under expectations. The federal government had predicted growth of 2.25 per cent for the year and based the federal budget around this number. The Reserve Bank of Australia expected growth of 1.8 per cent.
Investment in housing fell 4.4 per cent during the last three months with household expenditure ‘subdued’ according to the ABS.
Economic growth in Australia is being driven by mineral exports while the domestic economy is being supported by government spending, particularly investment in disability, aged and health care.
“Strength in mining related activity was seen across a number of measures,” said Bruce Hockman, chief economist for the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
“Growth in the domestic economy remains steady.”
Meanwhile other ABS data released this week showed that retail sales shrank in July.
The Reserve Bank of Australia board has left official rates unchanged at 1.00 per cent in September. The RBA board said “an extended period of low interest rates will be required” to reduce unemployment.
The RBA will “ease monetary policy further if needed to support sustainable growth in the economy.”
ASX 30-day Interbank Cash rate futures market trading indicates a 60 per cent chance of a rate cut by the RBA in October. The market currently expects the central bank to slice the official interest in Australia by 0.25 percentage points to 0.75 per cent at the next RBA board meeting on Tuesday 1 October.
RBA board minutes from the September meeting indicate low rates are here to stay for some time yet.
“It is reasonable to expect that an extended period of low interest rates will be required in Australia to make progress in reducing unemployment,” read the September board minutes.
“The Board will continue to monitor developments, including in the labour market, and ease monetary policy further if needed to support sustainable growth.”
Are interest rates going up or down? (22 August 2019)
While many economists are telling Aussies to expect more rate cuts, they may not arrive immediately.
Futures markets have priced in an 89 per cent expectation that the Reserve Bank will leave interest rates unchanged in September, up from around 50 per cent early last week.
The governor of the RBA, Dr Philip Lowe has signalled he is worried about a developing trade dispute between China and the USA. He described bullish trade war talk as “very worrying.”
“I do not have a clear idea of what strategy the US has,” said Dr Lowe.
And Chinese manufacturing is suffering, which could flow through to Australian mineral exports and jobs.
“No country has made itself wealthy and prosperous through protectionism,” said Philip Lowe. The US President Donald Trump jacked up the trade war rhetoric yesterday describing himself as “the chosen one” to take on China.
RBA says low rates are here to stay (6th August 2019)
The Reserve Bank board has left the official cash interest rate unchanged for August at 1.0 per cent.
A statement from the board noted increasing uncertainty in the global economy caused by trade and technology disputes as well as lower than expected economic growth in Australia in the first half of 2019.
The budgets of Aussie households are “weighed down” by low income growth and declining housing prices said the board.
Unemployment is up slightly to 5.2 per cent and inflation edged higher to 1.6 per cent.
Australians should expect a long period of low interest rates. The RBA board said:
“It is reasonable to expect that an extended period of low interest rates will be required in Australia to … reduce unemployment and [make] progress towards the inflation target.”
The Australian National University’s ‘RBA Shadow Board’ of nine respected economists has predicted a 33 per cent probability of more rate cuts and 38 per cent probability of rate increases over the remainder of 2019.
Australia's Current Interest Rate is 1.00%
The board of Australia’s government-owned central bank, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) sets the Australian official cash interest rate (OCR) on the first Tuesday of each month, except January.
InfoChoice tracks the RBA’s rate changes, reports changes within minutes of the RBA making an announcement and gives you the information you need to find the best mortgage and savings rates in Australia for your own circumstances.
The RBA cut interest rates on 2 July by 0.25 percentage points to 1.00 per cent. This follows a 0.25 percentage point cut in June.
Rising unemployment was cited in a statement from the RBA issued today as a key reason for this rate cut.
“There has … been little inroad into the spare capacity in the labour market recently, with the unemployment rate having risen slightly to 5.2 per cent,” said the RBA statement.
Over the last 12 months (to 31 March 2019), the RBA said the “Australian economy grew at … below-trend 1.8 per cent.”
“Consumption growth has been subdued, weighed down by a protracted period of low income growth and declining housing prices.”
What is the RBA’s official cash interest rate?
The OCR effectively sets the wholesale price of lending in Australia. When the RBA changes this rate, the banks and other lenders follow by changing their retail variable lending and savings interest rates. If the RBA puts the OCR up, your variable home loan and savings accounts rates will probably also rise. A cut in the OCR means your loan and account rates may also be cut.
The lowest variable rate home loans available in Australia are priced about two per cent above the RBA’s OCR. The lowest variable rate mortgages on offer from the big four banks start from about three per cent above the OCR.
The highest savings account rates in Australia are about one per cent over the OCR.
The RBA operates independently of government and is charged with maintaining low unemployment and low inflation. When inflation falls or unemployment rises, the RBA may consider cutting rates. When unemployment falls, or inflation rises sharply, the RBA may consider raising rates.
Last Meeting: 3 September 2019
Next RBA Meeting: Tuesday 1 October 2019