A parent’s guide: Teaching kids about money
We develop our attitudes to money when we’re young. In fact, experts believe that by the age of seven, children have learned many of the concepts that will go on to inform their later financial behaviour. So, what can you do to make sure your child has a healthy attitude to spending and saving right from the start?
Teach kids the concept of money
Money management is based on the simple rules of addition and subtraction. That means by the time your child starts school they’re usually old enough to learn about it.
But being smart with money requires more than just an understanding of numbers. It’s also important to teach your child about the difference between a need and a want.
One of the most effective ways to do that is to teach them early on that money is limited – they’ll almost always need to choose how to spend it and how much to save. And that means instituting a pocket money regime.
The truth about pocket money
By late primary school, more than half of Australian children receive pocket money, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
The question is, on what basis do you award pocket money? Do you make it automatic or do you link it to chores? The jury is still out on this.
Some people think that paying children to do chores teaches the importance of working for money. Others believe it rewards children for doing tasks they should be doing anyway. There’s not one right way to handle pocket money; it’s whatever suits your family
Teach your children how to save
It’s one thing to learn that money is limited, but another to learn how to save within the confines of the money you have. So how can you teach your children to save?
One approach is to use an old-fashioned piggy bank. Another is to open your child’s first bank account; this can help kids to understand banks and interest along with general saving and spending principles.
Make sure you shop around to find the account most suited to your child's needs. Some providers offer incentives to attract young savers.
It's also important to take your child into the branch to open the account. This can help your child feel involved in the process and gives them the opportunity to ask questions.
To encourage your child to save, work with them to set tangible savings goals, such as buying a game or a bike. You could then use a savings chart so they can see how their money is progressing against the overall saving objective.
Moving into longer-term investments
When is it time to move beyond compound interest and start talking about the world of stocks and other investments?
Don’t leave this too late. It depends on your child’s comprehension abilities, but generally, by late primary school your child may be able to understand the basics behind how the share market work.
As a practical lesson, consider helping your child put some of their savings into the shares of companies they recognise and understand. For instance, your child probably already knows and uses products of tech companies, games manufacturers and entertainment companies. It’s worth choosing more than one company so your child doesn’t think all stocks perform in the same way.
Investing in stocks can help to teach children to think long term (no doubt their share prices will fluctuate day-to-day), as well as about the concepts of risk and reward.
It’s never too early to start teaching the value of money and how to manage it well. In fact, the younger you start with your children, the more likely you are to set them up well for the rest of their lives.
Begin by finding the right children's bank account for your young saver.